GEOGRAPHY SYLLABUS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ASSISTANT MASTERS

Geography Syllabus– 8-9-10
Published by http://tet-online.blogspot.com/

The Earth – Latitudes Longitudes Important Time zones. International Date
Line
Lithosphere - meaning – Importance – The Crust The Mantle – The core –
Land Mines in the World – Rocks – Formation – Types – Forces of the earth’s Crust –
Internal Forces – Volcanoes – types – Super Volcanic eruptions of the World – Volcanic
materials and Distribution – Earth Quakes – Causes – Distribution effects- External
Forces – Weathering – types – Denudation - Asserts of Denudation – River – Glaciers –
Underground water – Springs – Wind
Atmosphere – Meaning and importance – Composition – Layers of Atmosphere
– Elements of Weather – Temperature – Zones – Isotherms – Atmospheric Pressure –
Major Pressure belts of the earth – Wind – Types – Clouds – Types – Rainfall – Types
and Distribution – Difference between weather and climate. Factors affecting climate of
a place
Hydrosphere – Distribution of Water bodies – Relief features of the ocean Floor
– Temperature and Salinity of the ocean water – Ocean Currents – Types – Major
Ocean Currents of the World – Major fishing grounds – Tides – Types, Causes and
uses – Conservation of oceans
Biosphere – Meaning – Importance – Pollution – Types – Effects of Pollution –
Measures to control pollution – Global warming – Greenhouse effect Ozone Depletion –
Acid rain – Bio Diversity
Karnataka – origin – Location – Size – Geography
Physiographic Divisions – Coastal Plain – Malnad region – Maidan region
Climate – Soil – Natural Vegetation – Animal Resources
Water Resources – East Flowing and West Flowing rivers – Irrigation in
Karnataka – Hydro-Electric Power – Projects – River Water Disputes
Land Resources – Pattern of land use – Agriculture – Importance – Types of
Cultivation – Major Crops of Karnataka – Food Crops – Commercial Crops
Minerals Resources – Different Minerals – Distribution
Transport – Roads – States, National Highways – Railways – Kankan & Metro
– Air Transport – Water Transport – Ports
Industries – Major industries like Iron & Steel, Cotton Textiles – Sugar – Paper
– Cement – Industrial Regions – Information Technology – its centers
Major Tourist Centers – National Cultural Centers – Wildlife Sanctuaries –
Historical Places and Forts
Population – Size – Growth – Destiny – Sex Ratio Age – Literacy Ratio
India – ourmother land – India’s Position in the world- Latitudinal and
longitudinal position – neighboring Countries Physical Divisional in Details
Monsoon Seasons – features – Soils of India – Types of Soils – Soil Erosion –
Causes – Effects and Conservation – Soil management
National Vegetation – Distribution of forests – Conservation of Forests – Wild
life Sanctuaries
Water Resources – Irrigation – Types – Multipurpose River valley projects –
Major Hydro Electric power projects – Rain Water harvesting
Land use – Factors affecting the land use – Type of land use- Agriculture –
Types – Cropping pattern – Crop seasons – Major food crops – Commercial and
Beverage crops – ICAR-NIHR – Floriculture
Mineral and power Resources – Different Minerals and their types – Coal, Petro
and Atomic Minerals – Non Conservational energy sources – Solar – Wind –
Conservation of Energy
Transport System – Types – Importance – Parts and Airports
Major Industries of India – Industrial regions – Factors of Location and
Industries , Important Industries – Knowledge based Industries - IT – BT & AT
Communication – Types – Importance
Natural Disasters – Cyclones – Causes – Effects – Preventive Measures –
Floods – Causes – effects – measures to Control – Landslide – Causes – Effects –
Coastal Erosion – Causes – effects – Control. Earthquakes – Causes – Effects –
measures to Control

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