Language English SYLLABUS FOR 8-10 - HIGH SCHOOL
II paper – Marks 80 + 20=100
I. LANGUAGE USE (Grammar elements)-100
 Noun and its types- numbers, genders.
 Pronouns and its types- possessive pronoun and Apostrophe, relative
pronoun, reflexive pronoun - use and usage.
 Personal pronouns
 Prepositions
 Adjectives and its types-use and usage, comparison of adjectives
 Conjunctions- Correlative, compound – classes of conjunction
 Adverbials- use and position of adverbs, comparison
 Verbs: tense – time – aspects
 Auxiliaries
 Modals – functions and notions.
 Participles, gerunds, inflexions
 ‘to be’ form of verbs.
 Finite and infinite verbs.
 Transitive and Intransitive verbs.
 Verbs-strong and weak verbs
 Articles – uses and usage.
 Collocations.
 One word alternative for a phrase or a sentence
 Pronunciation – nature of sounds, vowels, consonants, stress, intonations.
 Cohesive devices – direct cohesive
 Syntax: subject- verb-object agreement. (syntax concord)
 Words used as different parts of speech
 Punctuations
 VOCABULARY: synonyms, antonyms, prefixes-suffixes, number, gender,
collocations, compound words, homophones (rhyming words), onomatopoeia
 Derivatives - primary and secondary
 Figures of speech
 Questions tags
 Phrases: Noun phrases, prepositional phrases – uses and usages.
 Idioms – uses and usages.
 Phonology: vowels, consonants, stress, intonation, organs of speech, nature of
 Articles
 Dictionary use
 Abbreviations

 Sentences – types (seven types) and their transformation
 Transformations:
 Degrees of comparison
 Active and passive voice
 Types of sentences (seven types)
 Types of sentences – simple, complex and compound
 Reported speech
 Clauses: identifying the types of clauses.
 Main clauses & subordinate clauses
 Noun, adjective and adverbial clauses
 Conditional clauses
 Combining sentences
 Prose and poetry: local, global, factual, critical/inferential- prose and poem.
 Rules of paragraph writing.
 Error location and correction- spelling correction and sentences correction.
 Letter writing- forms and format.
 Essay writing-type and format
 Extracts and Proverbs
 Study of literary forms:
 Poetry: Sonnet, ode, elegy, ballad, lyric, dramatic monologue, allegory,
absurd, blank verse, etc.
 Prose: Drama – structure, characters, dialogues, soliloquy, tragedy,
allegory comedy, absurd , tragic-comedy.
 Fiction-Non Fiction: author’s point of view, setting/atmosphere(mood) ,
style, allegory, absurd, techniques of the prose
 Biographies and autobiographies.
 Authors and poets: their works, critical study

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